Toms River – A Concussion is a low-velocity brain injury that causes ‘shaking’ inside the skull resulting in clinical symptoms. Although more common in contact sports like football as compared to non-contact activities, concussions do occur outside of athletics.
Concussions can be extremely difficult to diagnose, and can have lasting effects if untreated. Always seek medical attention following a head injury.
Common symptoms include amnesia (memory loss), concentration problems, dizziness and loss of balance, headache, and sleep disturbance. Behavioral problems are seen as well. There can be “loss of consciousness” in some cases.
Up to 90% of concussions resolve in a short time, usually in 7–10 days. It’s not recommended to return to sports or work until the symptoms have resolved. The key to appropriate management is rest – physical and cognitive – gradually progressing back to the activity in a graded manner. Physical therapy, other modalities and medicines are helpful to treat the symptoms.
A Computer based neuropsychological test called IMPACT test helps in evaluation of severity and assess return to activity. A Buffalo Concussion Treadmill Test (BCTT) is also used to guide safe return patients back to activity.
Concussions are diagnosed clinically and there are no radiology studies that help in diagnosis. Your doctor might get a CT scan and MRI to rule out serious problems like brain bleed after head injury. We at Garden State Medical Center provide comprehensive and evidence based concussion care and can assist patients in safely resuming activities.